Effects of Anxiety Sensitivity and Hearing Loss
on Tinnitus Symptom SeverityKyung Ray Moon1, Subin Park2, YouJi Jung3,AhReum Lee2 , and Jung Hyun Lee4
Tinnitus Clinic, Soree Ear Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Department of Research Planning, Mental Health Research Institute, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Department of Clinical Research, Mental Health Research Institute, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Department of Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Objective; The aim of the present study was to examine the relative role of anxiety sensitivity and hearing loss on the tinnitus symptoms
severity in a large clinical sample of patients with tinnitus.
MethodsaaA total of 1,705 patients with tinnitus who visited the tinnitus clinic underwent the pure-tone audiometric testing and a battery of self-report questionnaires. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify the relationship of anxiety sensitivity and hearing loss to tinnitus symptoms severity.
ResultsaaBoth anxiety sensitivity and hearing loss were a significant association with of annoyance (anxiety sensitivity β=0.11, p=0.010;
hearing loss β=0.09, p=0.005) and THI score (anxiety sensitivity β=0.21, p<0.001; hearing loss β=0.10, p<0.001) after adjusting for confounding
factors. Meanwhile, the awareness time (β=0.19, p<0.001) and loudness (β=0.11, p<0.001) of tinnitus was associated with only
the hearing loss but not with anxiety sensitivity
ConclusionaaOur results indicate that both hearing loss and anxiety sensitivity were associated with increased tinnitus symptom severity.
Furthermore, these associations could be different according to the characteristics of tinnitus symptoms.
Psychiatry Investig 2018;15(1):34-40
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